In those ten days, approximately 500,000 Spanish refugees crossed into France. Soldiers and civilians, men, women, and children, the very old and very young, all braved the perilous trek across the Pyrénées in frigid weather. They carried what they could, but had to abandon many belongings along the way. Worse, many of the wounded, elderly, and children did not survive the difficult hike.
(Marin, Exil, 83)