The first days in the beach camps were hardly a vacation for the Spanish Republican refugees. While the younger children play in the sand, but the women appear stressed as they wait for transport into the French interior. (Dreyfus-Armand 57)
Men bathe in the sea on the beach at Argelès. Barracks were not constructed for months. (Marin 117)
Men at the Amélie-les-bains concentration camp in the first days of collection. (Stein 52)
Men on the beach at Argelès-sur-mer, raising their fists in defiance.
Refugees behind barbed wire. (Dreyfus-Armand 12)
Trucks deliver bread to the concentration camp of Argelès-sur-mer. Those who were closest to the trucks got food, but the camp stretched for kilometers and those furthest from the gates struggled to get to the bread. (Barba 161)
Inmates at Argelès line up to be shaved by the camp barbers. (Dreyfus-Armand 58)
This photo by famous war photographer Robert Capa was taken at the Argelès camp in March of 1939. Over a month after their arrival, the refugees still had no barracks and lived in makeshift tents in the sand. Here, a mother helps her son blow his nose. (http://museum.icp.org/mexican_suitcase/gallery_capa2.html)
Refugees cook in a tent. (Capa, 1939)
These men dug out a hole in the sand for a cook fire and a tent. This was almost two months since they crossed the Pyrénées. (Capa 1939)
In the background of these refugees’ tents, a spahi on horseback guards the camp. (Capa, 1939)
To lessen the load of men in camps like Argelès, the French government constructed even more camps. This photo shows the construction of barracks at Barcares. (Dreyfus-Armand 58)
At the concentration camp in Gurs, the men set up a makeshift school. (Marin 127)
I am a graduate student in the Michigan State University Department of History. My area of study is Amazigh culture and language policy of the French Protectorate of Morocco. I earned my bachelor's degree in History and French from the University of Tulsa.